Charles Haine Hawkins

106 E. 17th Ave.

Ellensburg, WA 98926


phone (509)962-2669

e. mail



Introduction       .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     Page 2

Pedigree diagram        .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     3

List of biographies in alphabetical order         .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     3

#8 Pliny Haine Hawkins         .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .   (no biography)

#16 Thomas Goddard Hawkins 18321903, extracts  .     .     .    .     .     .     .     .     .      4

#17 Frances Harriet Haine 18421911     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     8

#34 William Haine 18061895     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .   13

#35 Mary Haine 18161890     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .  22

#68 John Haine 17731824     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .   24

#69 Mary Creed 17761830     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .  25

#70 Joseph Haine c. 17821819     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .  25

#71 Sarah Look 17861859     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .   26

#136 William Haine c. 17421809     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .   28

#137 Elizabeth Young c. 1744?     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .      29

#138 John Creed 17521819     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .      29

#139 Mary Earl 17541820     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .  30

#140 (same as #136)     

#141 (same as #137)

#142 Thomas Look c. 17551827     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     30

#143 Mary Tarzwell ??     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .       31

#274 William Young c. 1717?     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .   31

#275 Mary Porch ??.     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .   (no biography)

#276 Richard Creed 17261788     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .  31

#277 Sarah (surname?) ?1808    .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .  (no biography)

#278 Richard Earl ??   .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     (no biography)

#279 Ann (surname?) ??.     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .   (no biography)

#282 (same as #274)

#283 (same as #275)

#284 Thomas Look 17161777     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .   32

#285 Martha Withers 1722?     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .      32

#286 James Tarzwell or Taswell. 17291803     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .      32

#287 Sarah Bennett 1731?        .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .      32

#552 Richard Creed c. 1660?     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .    33

#553 Amy Hurd ??.     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     (no biography)

#568 Thomas Look 1670?   .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     33

#569 Mary Pope 1677?      .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .      .     .      33

#570 John Withers ??     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .    33

#571 Elianor Hicks 1690?     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .         34

#572 William Tarzwell ??     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     . (no biography)

#573 Elizabeth (surname ?) ??  .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .    (no biography)

#574 William Bennett 1696 1741     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .   34

#575 Joan Baily 1704 1769        .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .   34

#592 John Eliots ??.     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .    (no biography)

#594? Stephen Veysey ??.     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     . (no biography)

#595? An (surname?) ??.     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .   (no biography)

#1,104 Richard Creed c. 1651later than 1713     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .    34

#1,105 Abigail (surname?) ??.     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .       (no biography)

#1,136 Thomas Look 1624 ?     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     35

#1,137 Joan Burdham ??.     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .    35

#1,138 William Pope   ??     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .  (no biography)

#1,142? Richard Hocks ??.     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .      (no biography)

#1,143? Alice (surname?) ??      .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .  (no biography)

#1,148 William Bennett ?1737   .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .  (no biography)

#1,149 Elizabeth (surname ?) ?1729       .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     . (no biography)

#1,184 John Eliots ??.     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     . (no biography)

#1,185 Deborah (surname?) ??.     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     (no biography)

#2,272 Thomas Look 1588 1667     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     35

#2,273 Francisca Turton ??      .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .    (no biography)

#2,274 Thomas Burdham       .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .   (no biography)

Sources     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .     .   35



My purpose is to write biographies to describe the groups and situations in which my ancestors lived.

Ancestors’ identification numbers in the TABLE OF CONTENTS correspond to those in the Pedigree diagram below.  An ancestor's identification number, e.g. (#34), is one-half his or her father's.  A wife's identification number is one more than her husband's.  (These are called Ahnentafel numbers in genealogy.)  A couple’s identification numbers are shown as, e.g. (#34 & #35).  An ancestor can be related to #1 through more than one line; therefore, he or she must have more than one identification number, and it is shown as, e.g. (#136 or #140).

Ancestors with no biographies aren't shown in any Pedigree diagram, except to trace parentage. 

Women's married names aren't used. 

Because the biographies are in order of identification numbers, they are backwards chronologically.  At the beginning of each biography, a tilde (~) is added to the person's identification number to make searching easier.





                                  #1,104                            #1,136#1,137


                                    #552                                    #568#569   #570#571   #574#575


                     #274†     #276                            #282†   #284══════#285   #286#287


         #136*#137*     #138#139       #140*#141*             #142════════#143


                #68════════#69                     #70═════════════════#71


                            #34═════════ ═══════════════#35











* #136 is the same person as #140; #137 is the same person as #141.  (Explained in text.)

† #274 is the same person as #282.  (Explained in text.)



Sarah Bennett #287

William Bennett #574

John Creed #138

Mary Creed #69

Richard Creed #276

Richard Creed #552

Richard Creed #1,104

Mary Earl #139

Frances Harriet Haine #17

John Haine #68

Joseph Haine #70

Mary Haine #35

William Haine #34

William Haine #136 or #140

Sarah Look #71

Thomas Look #142

Thomas Look #284

Thomas Look #568

Thomas Look #1,136

Thomas Look #2,272

Mary Pope #569

Mary Tarzwell #143

James Tarzwell or Taswell. #286

John Withers #570

Martha Withers #285

Elizabeth Young #137 or #141

William Young #274 or #282



He was #1's father's father's father's father.

He was born on November 5, 1832, at Evercreech, Somerset, England.  He was the first-born child of William Dredge Hawkins (#32) and Mary Ann Goddard (#33).  When he was one, his sister, Sarah Goddard Hawkins, was born at the hamlet of Westbrook, just west of Evercreech.  The family might have been living at "Westbrook Farm."  When he was six and still living there, another sister arrived, Mary Ann ("Anna") {1831, 1/1/1860}.

                                                                            . . . . .

At age 11 he and all of his family sailed to Montreal, Canada, a six-weeks journey.  Eight weeks later, his infant sister, Martha, died there.  They continued their migration to Ohio, finally arriving in Bloomfield on June 10, 1845, 14 months after leaving England {1/1/1860}.  

                                                                            . . . . .

When he was 24 years old, he began keeping an accounting ledger .... [Some early entries showed that] he had enrolled in Western Reserve Seminary. [It had been established as Farmington Academy by Congregationalists in 1831, rebuilt and renamed Farmington Normal School in 1849, then transferred to the Methodist Church and renamed Western Reserve Seminary in 1854.  In 1868, it had two dormitories .... However, the terms were only eight weeks long, so students often returned home.]  He attended in the fall of 1857, spring and fall of 1858, and spring of 1860 {ibid.}.

                                                                            . . . . .

His diary showed that he was very devout and studious about religion.  He read, attended "watch" meetings and Biblical classes, heard sermons, and noted who spoke ("Brother McLean") and from what Biblical text.  His obituary would later say that "He was converted and joined the Methodist Episcopal Church at the age of 20 and was ever a loyal and a willing supporter" {ibid., 8/3/1903}.

                                                                            . . . . .

He often worked for wages for his father (#32).  Yet he rarely wrote of him in his diary and showed little interest in farming.  Rather, he wrote about religion and intellectual matters.  He kept a tiny copy of Pilgrim's Progress.  He mailed away for books from New York City.  He prepared a lecture on geography and presented it three times to friends.  Throughout his life his "favorite studies [were] geography [and the] Bible" {1858, 2/10/1915}.

He did not take part in the Civil War.  He avoided being drafted into the army by "commutation": probably by presenting a certificate from a physician testifying that he was "physically disabled" {8/23/1865}.

At age 28 he associated mostly with younger people: his sisters, the offspring of his neighbors, the Haines (#34 & #35), and his classmates.  "Our little band meet [sic] at our house this evening, had a very pleasant interview indeed."  He saw Frances Harriet Haine (#17), often, at her nearby home, the Seminary which they both attended, church, and other public meetings.  Both his and her diaries showed that a favorite sociable activity was attending "examinations" at various schools.  That is, the public was invited to the scheduled occasions when scholars recited.  They also enjoyed group singing.  He often took her in his buggy.  He referred to her as "Frances", "F.", "Frank", and "Mattie".  However, he never wrote about his growing love for her.  He described his visits as not to her home but to "Mr. Haine's."  He called their meetings "interviews" and "chats".  However, he once drove the 13 miles from his home to the Seminary to see her and sell cheese.  The next day he drove there again to attend a meeting with her.  Finally, he referred to her as "our F." {1/1/1860, 1/1/1862}.

They married on March 1, 1863.  He was not the first Hawkins to marry a Haine:  In 1823, Thomas Hawkins (c. 1798-11/20/1880), #16's uncle (son of #64 & #65), had married Sarah Haine (c. 1799- 5/8/1867), #17's first cousin, once removed (daughter of William Haine [1769-1852], son of #136 & #137) {1/20/1863, 7/20/1999}.

His accounting ledger reflected his plunge into married life, beginning with the entry of January 20, 1863: marriage license $1.10, ring $2.25, clothes $13.50, announcements $1.80, hotel 78¢, bureau $16.50.  Female clothing soon followed: shawl $5.00, expenses to go to Warren (the nearest large town) 68¢, dress trimming 50¢, cambrick [sic] 14¢, silk $1.25, stockings 60¢.  Then baby things: diaper material 62¢, doctor $5.00, nipples 20¢, "bottle & bitters" 35¢, medicine 38¢ {8/1857}.

After marrying, they lived with his parents (#32 & #33), occupying a bedroom in the northeastern corner of the house.  Their first three children were born while there: Emma Luella on February 13, 1864; George William on February 8, 1865; and Pliny Haine Hawkins (#8) on October 28, 1869.  However, on October 6, 1868, before Pliny was born, George William died at Cooperstown, Pennsylvania.  Long afterward, his sister-in-law described the tragedy this way:  "I think George ... died from eating too many grapes, he and his mother [#17] were away from home visiting.  She brought him home in a casket."  Pliny called the cause of death "bowl [sic] trouble."  Their life was spoiled by his mother's scolding of his wife.  Their son would write, "She [#33] was not very kind to Mother [#17].  Mother's years there were the most unhappy of her life.  This led father [#16] to rent the Peck farm" {1869, 12/13/1915, 1921}.

                                                                           . . . . .

His income for 1870 was: labor (presumably for his father and including prior years) $2,172.84, selling cheese $85.00, selling butter $63.09, selling cows $75.00, selling pigs $16.00, and other sales $18.52.  He bought a wagon for $50 and a harness for $36.  The wagon and harness were probably purchased in preparation for moving away from his parents' farm.  The women made much bedding {8/1857, 1/1/1870}.

On September 30, 1870, the family moved to a farm rented from a man named Peck in Farmington Township, diagonally southwest of Bloomfield Township (one township south and one range west).  Assuming that this farm was the same one that he later bought, it was seven miles from his father's (12 miles by road).  Two miles away was the hamlet of Farmington, with a post office and school.  Two miles beyond that was the larger community of West Farmington, where both he and his wife had gone to college.  It had a Methodist Church.  Two years later, his wife's brother, William Haine, settled his family there.  (See #34's biography).  In the opposite direction only two miles away was another Methodist Church, and near it was another school {1/1/1870, 1899}.

During 1871, he earned nothing from wages.  Their place was a dairy: cheese $922.58, butter $227.02, cattle $83.00, beef $22.00, pigs $25.67, hides $30.20, and payment from his father (presumably on earlier loans) $60.  The rent on his farm for 1871 was $300.  Other expenses were: hired labor $233.15, insurance $19.00, clover seed $7.60, timothy hay seed $4.20, organ and stool $170.00, sewing machine $51.50, "Frank's [#17] hat" $3.00, and set of furs for her $7.00 {8/1857}.

In 1872, more than half of his income of $1,311.97 was from cheese.  He bought a "spring wagon," for passengers and light freight, for $190.  The farm had pear, apple, and cherry trees.  On 3, September 1872, at Farmington, their fourth-born (third living) came into the world, Mary Alberta ("Berta" or "Bertie"),  {ibid., 1869, 5/8/1903}.

In June 1873, he made a $620 down payment to Fletcher W. Peck on a $2,520 property on which to build his own farm.  Probably this Peck was the same person from whom he had been renting; he might have simply bought the farm that he already had been working.  The deed described it as 72 acres; however, a plat map showed it to be 73.85.  It was bordered by a highway on the east and a small creek on the west.  Just before buying, he proudly described his financial status:  "I owe no man anything.  I have $1,430 on interest at 8%."  They always went to the county fair in Warren, but this year instead of spending the usual $1.50 they squandered $10 {8/1857, 6/21/1873, 1899}.

During 1874, he paid off $750.70 of his debt and also bought a small, adjacent piece of land.  He had their new house built: lumber $539.52, stone and brick $97.50, labor $471.50, miscellaneous $78.90, total $1,187.42.  He also hired farm laborers for $518.02, including $89.24 for hauling milk.  This suggested that he had been having his cheese made elsewhere, possibly at his father-in-law's factory at "Cloverhill".  During this period, he often donated $5 to "preaching".  His ledger ended in 1875, and might not have been fully kept just before that {8/1857}.

His daughter, Charlotte ("Lottie") Anna, was born at Farmington on February 10, 1875.  On November 10, 1876, Angie was born there, but she died of diphtheria only two months later, on January 25, 1877.  Twins were born to them there on February 24, 1880, Jesse Thomas and Jerry T.; however, the latter died the same day.  The 1880 national census found himself ("farmer"), his wife, and four children ("Pliny H., Alberta, Lottie A., and infant son") in Farmington Township.  Their eldest daughter, Emma Luella, aged 16, was not there [YES SHE IS!].  Finally, their ninth-born (sixth living), Ernest John, saw the light on February 28, 1882, at Farmington {1869, 1880, 2/10/1915}.

His daughter, Emma Luella, "was converted and joined the Methodist Episcopal Church" at the age of 12.  She attended Western Reserve Seminary, like he and his wife had done.  About this time the Seminary changed its name to Farmington College.  Emma graduated as a teacher and taught for five terms nearby.  On August 15, 1890, she wrote in her diary, "closed my district school."  Four days later, she traveled to San Francisco with her Aunt Emma Jane Haine to live with her and her husband, B. F. Beatty.  "Mother and [Sister] Lottie felt bad to see me start."  She moved into the Methodist Deaconess Home there to begin training to become a deaconess, possibly expecting to become a foreign missionary.  Her training included visiting needy people in their homes.  "Miss Hawkins will never be forgotten by the people of Chester-street, Oakland.  Three weeks she spent her whole time with us, going from house to house, finding children for the Sunday-school, people for the congregation, souls for heaven."  She contracted deadly smallpox, perhaps during these visits.  She died on March 7, 1893 {1869, 7/10/1890, 3/7/1893, 4/9/1893}.

As of August 19, 1890, his oldest son, Pliny Haine Hawkins (#8), was at home; however, since he was aged 20, he might have only temporarily returned from college.  June 11, 1891, was "Pliny's graduating day."  On September 1, 1891,  "Pliny went to Valpariso, Indiana to school" at Northern Indiana Normal School to study law.  That might have been when he permanently left home {7/10/1890}.

On August 18, 1890, his daughter, Mary Alberta Hawkins, left home to attend college.  However, she might have dropped out soon, because her highest level of schooling, as well as that of her siblings, Charlotte Anna, Jesse Thomas, and Ernest John, would be "common school" {7/10/1890, 2/10/1915}.

On March 13, 1894, his daughter, Charlotte Anna, married J. Ward Wolcott at Farmington.  On April 29, 1896, his daughter, Mary Alberta, married George W. Walker at Bloomfield {1869}.

On June 25, 1900, the census enumerated him (owning his farm), his wife, and sons (Jesse and Ernest) in Farmington Township.  Soon "the boys," Jesse and Ernest, moved to Huntsburg, Ohio, a town about 12 miles away, leaving them alone, except that Mary Alberta and George Walker might have been living nearby  {1900, 12/8/1902}.

Thomas often left on speaking engagements.  After the children had gone, his wife objected to being manipulated into milking the cows.  She insisted that he hire a man to do it {c. 9/1981}.

On July 1, 1902, without payment, he deeded his entire farm to his son-in-law, George Walker.  He and Mary Alberta evidently had moved in with them {5/8/1903, 1/22/1908}}.

Eight months before his death he wrote a letter, still using firm and clear script, reporting that his son-in-law, George Walker, had sold $225 worth of oak trees "on the stump," i.e., standing, at the rate of $10 per thousand board feet and was keeping some of his cattle on Thomas' farm.  Thomas had sold off the wagon, buggy, and two horses.  He had sold 25 bushels of apples, and he was loaning money at six percent interest.  He still liked business and accounting.  He and his wife subscribed to and carefully read the Christian Advocate and the Christian Herald.  Enclosed in the letter was a poem criticizing the Roman Catholic Church's hierarchy {12/8/1902; 12/19/1902; inscription on back of photograph, c. 9/1981}. 

On December 19, 1902, his wife described him, as "not very strong."  But on May 9, 1903, he was "as well as usual."  On August 3, 1903, he died in Farmington Township of a "general breakdown."  His son, Jesse, must have been with him at his death, because Jesse telegraphed his brother, Pliny, at Columbus, "Father died at four p.m."  After a funeral at his home, presided over by his pastor from the Methodist Church, he was buried in the family plot in Brownwood Cemetery, North Bloomfield.  He didn't write a will.  His daughter, Mary Alberta, was appointed Administratrix; she made an inventory (contents unknown); and she distributed his property {8/3/1903a & b, 9/12/1903, 2/10/1915}.

                                                                           . . . . .

During the 1950s, the house was razed and the farm cleared by the state, because a local politician had sponsored the building of a canal there to connect Lake Eire with the Ohio River for transportation.  When he died the project was abandoned.  As of 1982 the site was part of Puckerbrush Game Preserve, on the west side of Stroups-Hickox Road (County Road 217), and .8 mile south of Greenville Road.  Where the house had been a large pine tree and rose bush grew {6/28/1982,}.



She was #1's father's father's father's mother.

She was born at 6 a.m., January 29, 1842, at "Clover Hill," North Bloomfield, Bloomfield Township, Trumbull County, Ohio.  Her nicknames were "Frank" and "Frankie".  Her father was William Haine (#34); her mother was Mary Haine (#35).  They were first cousins.  At birth, she already had three siblings: William Joseph Haine ("Will"), aged five; Sarah Mary Haine ("Sade"), three; and George Edward Haine, one.  When she was two, her sister, Charlotte Elizabeth Haine ("Lottie"), was born.  When four, Mercy Jane Haine came along.  When she was aged six, Ellen Sarah Haine arrived.  However, during that year, her baby sister, Mercy Jane, drowned in the race of her father's grist mill, i.e., the constructed channel that carried water to the mill wheel {1809}. (See #34's biography).

In the census of 1850, she was enumerated with the family of her parents; however, her age was wrongly recorded as five.  When she was eight, her family moved into their new, larger, and more convenient house, which was adjacent to the old one.  Another brother, John Wesley Haine, was born when she was 10.  The next year, another sister, Emma Jane Haine, was added.  When Frances was 13, Clara Alice Haine was born.  Finally, her ninth sibling, Charles Robert Haine, saw the light of day when she was 16 {ibid.}.

Only one farm separated her home from that of the Hawkins family (#16, #32, & #33).  The heads of the two families were all from Somerset County, England, both families were active in the Methodist Episcopal Church, and they visited each others' homes often.  Her oldest siblings, William Joseph and Sarah Mary, were about the same age as the two youngest Hawkins, Sarah Goddard and Mary Ann, and presumably close friends.  However, Frances' family was much larger, younger, and probably more prosperous.  Their only son, Thomas Goddard Hawkins (#16), was nine year older than she {ibid.}.

As an adult, she was five feet, two inches tall and weighed 110 pounds {1/1/1862, 2/10/1915}.

In the fall of 1860, when 18, she attended Western Reserve Seminary in the diagonally adjacent Farmington Township, possibly her first semester.  She knew the school well, because her neighbor, Thomas Goddard Hawkins (#16), had gone there about four terms, her brother, William Joseph, was attending then, and possibly her brother, George Edward, was also.  Her younger sister, Charlotte Elizabeth, went there the next semester.  Instruction was dominated by religious topics, and extra-curricular activities were mainly worship: on Sunday at 9:00 a.m., Biblical class; then, the main service with a sermon; 4:00 p.m., a prayer meeting; evening, more preaching.  Thursday, another prayer meeting.  Many of the entries in her diary (described below) were like prayers.  The only other intellectual activity which seemed to interest her were formal discussions, called "Society", at which several persons read essays by authors or themselves.  The topics were heavy with self-improvement and idealism.  Almost every weekend, she, her sisters, and the Hawkins girls were driven home by one of the brothers, a four-hour trip.  In March 1862 at the end of the winter term, she might have graduated.  A few years earlier, the commencement exercises had contained (in order): a religious song by a small choral group, prayer, a religious song, an idealistic essay by a student, a song, a second idealistic essay by a student, a song, a third idealistic essay by a student, a song, a fourth idealistic essay by a student, a song, "presenting diplomas," a song, and finally benediction {6/23/1859, 1/1/1860, 1/1/1862}.

On January 1, 1862, she began to keep a diary, which she called a "journal", with an interesting description of a sociable occasion:

"Sarah [sister] and I did our washind [sic] in the morning.  In the afternoon Sarah Cook, Sarah & Anna Hawkins & Charls [sic] Archibald [neighbors] came to  our house  we spent the afternoon very pleasantly  Charls told us a little anacdote [sic] about Socrates patience, which was very great  We spent the evening in talking and singing proposing puzzles and reciting poetry  Each one recited a short piece  We passed twice arround [sic] the compang [sic] in this way, found it a  very pleasing entertainment"

She made entries for two years.  She rarely mentioned her parents, suggesting that one of its functions was to develop independence.  On Sundays, she often attended religious class, the main worship service, and the afternoon prayer meeting.  "I went to Lovefeast in the morning  ....  I partook of the sacrament but felt very unworthy  It seemed to [sic] Holy a thing for me."  Transportation was by sleigh or wagon, usually driven by a man.  However, she did ride horses for sport.  On Jan 29, 1862, she wrote, "It is my birthday to-day  It scarcly [sic] seems possable [sic] that I am twenty years old."  Perhaps she didn't wish to grow up {1/1/1862}.

Before finishing school, she took examinations at Warren to receive an eight-months teaching certificate.  Immediately afterward she was hired as the sole teacher, perhaps in School Number 6, about five miles southeast of her home, on Peck Leach Road, which bordered Bloomfield Township on the south.  If so, her Aunt Elizabeth Dunkerton's place was on the route.  (See #34's biography.)  She taught from May 19 until August 8, 1862.  On week nights, she stayed at the nearby farm of John Sager.  After school on Saturday, a male relative came for her in a buggy, took her home, and returned her on Monday morning.  There were only 10 pupils.  Her first experience away from friends or relatives was lonely.  She disliked disciplining the children.  On June 16, she wrote, "I had to threaten to use the whip for the first time to-day."  However, music was an immense joy to her, and she often sang with them {1/1/1862, 1899}.

Her diary suggested that the emerging national conflict was not interesting to her at first.  Her information about it apparently came, not from newspapers or lectures, but from sermons.  She began by vaguely thinking of the Civil War as a "time of trouble."  She gave moral support to all men in the armed forces, including southern rebels.  When she saw her two brothers' portraits in their new Army uniforms, she wrote, "I can hardly realize that they are engaged in such horid [sic] work as war."  However, "war sermons," "war meetings," and group singing of militaristic themes steadily enlisted her sentiments.  About August 11, 1862, during her brother's wedding in Warren, she wrote, "There was a great war meeting that evening and the drums were beating and the cannons were fireing [sic] at the time they were married."  (See #34's biography.)  By the middle of 1862, she defined the political issues as eliminating slavery and preserving the federal government's sovereignty.  Regarding Lincoln's "Emancipation Proclamation" (which made slavery illegal), she wrote on January 1, 1863, "I feel thankful that I live to see this day  The one in which liberty is proclaimed to those in bondage."  She referred to the Confederate troops as "Rebels" and wrote, "We should feel it a privilege to defend our government which is the best in the world."  Many of her classmates, neighbors, and two of her brothers were in the army, and she worried that many would be killed.  (See #34's biography.)  Yet she regarded her resentment at military

recruitment to be "selfish" and wished that she could enlist too.  The Southern threat to Cincinnati and the battle of Perryville, Kentucky, hit her forcefully, and she knew many of the men, including her brothers, who were in it.  She went to funerals of friends who were killed and was extremely anxious about the soldiers whom she knew {1/1/1862}.

On her last day of teaching, she anticipated that she might never continue.  Possibly she had regarded teaching as merely a way of shifting allegiance from her family of origin to a future family of marriage.  Perhaps she was distracted from her career by falling more in love with Thomas Goddard Hawkins.  However, her references in her diary to their relationship were by no means intimate {ibid.}.

The war precipitated the marriage of her brother, William Joseph, to Thomas' sister, Sarah Goddard Hawkins.  (See #34's biography.)  Frances was surprised.  Thomas' sister, Mary Ann, married her cousin, whom Frances also knew well.  She admired her trousseau beforehand, attended the wedding, and wrote, "This is the first couple that I ever saw married in church  I like the plan very well  The ceremony was performed after the sermon."  (Evidently the local custom was to be wed in the bride's home.)  She and Thomas traveled alone to Cleveland for three days in September 1862 to visit his sister, Sarah, and to attend the state fair.  In describing the trip, she called him "my good friend."  No engagement to Thomas was mentioned in her diary; however, on January 20, 1863, they drove to Warren by sleigh:  "I bought my wedding dress and bonnet  We went up to the Printing office and ordered for fifty wedding cards  Also bought a wedding ring  We were very well suited with everything we bought  We put up at Mr Camps hotel"  Then she virtually stopped keeping her diary.  Perhaps she didn't wish to write about the intimacies of marriage.  The few entries concerned her pious feelings, such as the emotional experience that she had in connection with a revival meeting:  "My Consecration over.  Here I give my all to Thee  .... Bro Edwards is holding meetings in the south church  I  ... told the people that I had consecrated my all to God In the afternoon the Lord wonderfuly [sic] blessed me so that all I could say was Glory to God for a long while." On March 1, 1863, despite her admiration for church weddings, they were married at "Clover Hill," her parents' home {ibid., 1836}.

(For her married life, see #16's biography.)

She always gave her children practical things at Christmas {12/13/1945}.

In youth, she had no illnesses.  In middle age, she often suffered from nervous indigestion and became very deaf.  Her "favorite studies [were] religion [and] nature."  She was "remarkably affectionate, patient, industrious, religious, scrupulously honest" {2/10/1915}.

After her marriage, she lived for a time with her parents- in-law.  Her first child was born in their house, with her mother (#35) as midwife {10/26/1925}.

In her letters to Pliny Haine Hawkins (#8) and Grace Alice Milner, her son and daughter-in-law, she often enclosed flowers.  Her manner of writing to Pliny, her oldest son, suggested that she relied more on him than on her younger sons.  She objected to his smoking and complimented him on stopping.  She left a conditional bequest to Pliny's son, Milner Haine Hawkins, depending upon whether he avoided smoking (more below) {12/8/1902, 5/8/1903, 9/3/1904, 10/26/1904}.

On August 3, 1903, her husband, Thomas, died.  She was 61.  Then during the cold weather, she stayed with her daughter and son-in-law, Charlotte Anna and J. Ward Wolcott at 9 Cherry Street, Warren, Ohio; during the warm season, with her other daughter and son-in-law, Mary Alberta and George W. Walker, at her old home in Farmington.  While they traveled to Forest Depot, Virginia, to visit his parents, she took care of the house, and her son, Jesse, did the milking.  His wife, Mildred Thorp, came with him sometimes.  She liked Mildred very much, and this gave them a chance to visit.  While in Warren, she often looked up her crippled niece, Theodosia Haine.  Also, she went to the fair for the first time in 30 years, despite her disapproval of horse racing ("wicked").  Although her vision was good, she needed glasses and choose them at a store by trial and error.  On the other hand, her hearing was failing, and by 1905 it was so bad that she had difficulty in shopping ("trading").  She took medication for some ailment and ate onions for her nerves.  She often went walking and did much cooking.  She continued to be quite pious and idealistic in letters to her children.  They, in turn, were attentive, except perhaps Ernest.  She wrote, "In the future the pictures of memory will far outnumber and outvalue those of hope" {9/3/1904, 10/26/1904, 2/10/1915}.

During the summer of 1906, Pliny's family visited her on their way around the world.  Her daughter-in-law, Grace Alice Milner, described the visit in a letter:  "It was lovely to see Mother's [#17] delight.  I could  not tell whether she was most pleased to see Pliny or Milner. ....  I took their photos after dinner under a  great elm tree.  ....  All Pliny's relatives are people showing breeding, high moral principles and healthful thrifty lives.  Indeed they seem to have little knowlege [sic] of evil" {8/20/1906}.

She inscribed and gave to her grandson, Milner Haine Hawkins, her deceased husband's tiny copy of Pilgrim's Progress even though he was only five years old, hoping to inspire if not interest him {1858}.

About 1907, her daughter and son-in-law, Mary Alberta ("Berta") Hawkins and George W. Walker, evidently decided to sell Frances' former farm in Farmington Township, Ohio, and permanently move to Forest Depot, Virginia.  (Possibly it had been his boyhood home, and he might have inherited another property there.)  About 1908, she too moved there.  She was "not very strong."  In May 1911, she was living with them and was very ill.  "Berta" wrote to Frances' son, Ernest, who probably was living with Pliny in Absarokee, Montana, to ask him to come to help in nursing Frances.  Instead, her son, Jesse, came from Ohio.  She hoped to regain her health and return to Ohio with him.  However, she was very "deaf and nervous," had insomnia, shortness of breath, vomited often, was very emaciated, and in such pain that her doctor allowed Jesse to inject morphine when needed.  She didn't want Jesse "out of her sight," but "Berta" did much of the nursing.  She often looked at a recent portrait of her son, Pliny's family.  "She wished she could awake in heaven."  She said, "I think I see ["the angels"] coming."  She hoped that all of her offspring would come to her, either her deathbed or funeral.  On May 31, 1911, she died in her sleep there of "intestinal trouble" {1/22/1908, 5/16/1911, 5/31/1911, 6/7/1911, 6/12/1911, 2/10/1915}.

Jesse took her body by railroad to Bloomfield.  The coffin had to be enclosed in an airtight box.  "Had to have a permit from the board of health a certificate from the doctor and one from the embalmer and undertaker."  At each of the three changes of train, he was delayed while the forms were inspected.  The trip took 38 hours.  Jesse and she were met at the station by six carriages of relatives.  However, Pliny and Ernest did not come from Montana.  The funeral was held at her brother, Charles', house in North Bloomfield.  Relatives prepared a bountiful buffet.  The coffin was removed from the box and decorated with many, many flowers.  A male quartet sang four pieces.  The minister of the Methodist Church officiated.  He read a eulogy which had been composed by her niece, Theodosia Haine.  Then the long cortege of elegant buggies drove to Brownwood Cemetery, Bloomfield.  "We layed [sic] her to rest just as the sun was going down the nicest time in the whole day."  She was buried under the same headstone as her husband.  At her request only a short obituary was published, describing her as having "a rare and saintly character, a kind neighbor and a good friend" {5/31/1911, 6/4/1911, 6/12/1911, 2/5/2000}.

Her terminal illness and burial left Jesse and "Berta" severely exhausted.  She bequeathed about $600 to each of her offspring.  Although there was no probate, the settlement was complicated by the fact that she had loaned money to each of them.  She asked them to make a yearly gift of money or  "something nice to eat" to her niece, Theodosia Haine.  She left her wedding ring to Pliny, field glasses to Ernest, "Grandmothers [#33 or #35] breast pin" and a quilt to Jesse, cuff buttons to "Berta", and silverware to each offspring.  She also gave cash and objects to charities.  She also left $50 to her grandson, Milner, to be given to him at age 21 if he still did not smoke.  It was to be administered by her son, Pliny.  Perhaps her many other grandchildren received the same bequest.  Thomas' and her family  Bible was inherited by Pliny, who continued to enter genealogical dates in it.  Pliny's daughter, Frances Milner Hawkins got it after his death.  She gave it to the author {1869, 6/7/1911, 6/12/1911, 7/1/1911, 5/22/1921}.


      WILLIAM HAINE (#34)~

He was #1's father's father's father's mother's father.

He was born probably at "Stone Farm," East Pennard Parish, Somerset County, England, at 11 p.m., February 8, 1806.  His father was John Haine (#68), and his mother was Mary Creed (#69).  On October 13th, he was baptized in the Parish church, with his surname recorded as "Haimes".  At birth, he already had two siblings: Ann, three; and Elizabeth, one.  When he was one year old, his sister, Mary, was born; at two, Rhoda; four, John; seven, "Elenor"; nine, George; and, when he was aged 11, the youngest of his eight siblings, Mercy J., was born {1598, 1809}.

On February 22, 1824, when he was 17, his sister, Ann, died and was buried on the 29th.  Soon after, his father (#68) passed away, on July 1, 1824.  Also that year, his older sister, Elizabeth, married his deceased aunt's widower, Richard Dunkerton.  William's father (#68's) will left £98 to each of his five sisters, £120 to his mother, but nothing to himself or either of his brothers.  "Stone Farm" and perhaps other real estate was bequeathed to his father's brother, James Haine.  Then in 1833, James died, and William (#34) inherited "Stone Farm."  Perhaps his brothers inherited other property which their father (#68) had left to James {ibid., 6/23/1824, 6/16/1999}.

In 1832, his next younger sibling, Mary, had married their second cousin and neighbor, Stephen Symes, and emigrated to New York, U.S.A.  (Symes was the son of John Symes and Elizabeth Creed, daughter of James Creed, son of #276 & #277.)  Either she or Stephen's uncle, Thomas Creed, was the first relative to go to America.  Later, Mary and Stephen moved to Bloomfield Township, Trumbull County, Ohio.  Then, his sister, Mercy, fell in love with a temporarily-returned emigrant to Canada, George H. Coles.  On August 14, 1833, a week after his Uncle James had died, they married and returned to George's home on Prince Edward Island.  She was only 16.  Next, his older sister, Elizabeth (now Dunkerton), with husband and children emigrated to Bloomfield, Ohio.  In 1834, his sister, Eleanor, married John Day of East Pennard Parish.  William (#34) decided to follow his siblings to America, even though he was the oldest one remaining and owner of "Stone Farm."  The farm went to his brother, George, presumably for cash with which to make the trip {ibid., 1/1/1865, 1/1/1878, 7/20/1999}.  (See #136's biography for "Stone Farm's" subsequent history.)

On April 11, 1835, aged 29, William emigrated.  (He would be the first of the author's ancestors to go to America.)  A relative went with him, possibly a nephew, H. Josiah Willcox.  After a passage of 30 days, his ship landed at Prince Edward Island, Canada.  His sister, Mercy, and brother-in-law, George H. Coles, had settled there the year before.  From there he went to Picton, Nova Scotia, Canada; then to Castine, Maine; on to Boston, Massachusetts; and finally to Bloomfield Township, where two of his sisters lived {1882, 1909, c. 1962, 6/28/1982}.

Bloomfield Township had been established in flat woodland, with several streams, near Lake Eire.  It had been part of the Western Reserve, which had been granted to eastern states to compensate losses during the Revolutionary War.  It had been first owned by a Bostonian, who had sold it in 1813 to Ephraim Brown (a storekeeper in New Hampshire) and his uncle.  They had had it surveyed and platted into rectangular, not square, lots of 50 or 100 acres.  Early settlers had got to it either from Lake Eire on the north or from Pittsburgh on the south.  Subsequently, the route from Lake Eire had become more convenient.  The first family of European origin had arrived during February 1815.  Later that year, Brown had bought his uncle's share and settled there.  He had been an abolitionist, and that movement had dominated early politics, to be followed by Republican Party control.  In 1816, the first store had been established; in 1817, the first post office and the first school; in 1818 or -19, the Methodist Episcopal Church and a hotel.  In 1819, a turnpike company had begun running coaches for mail and passengers north to Lake Eire and south to the Ohio River on what would become state route 45, passing through Bloomfield Center.  Brown had sold the northern part of the township to Gurdon W. Huntington {ibid., 1872, 1909, 5/4/1919}.

In 1835, two miles north of the community of Bloomfield, William chose 147 or 148 acres to buy.  Residents called the area "North Bloomfield."  [no, it was called NB as there was another Bloomfield elsewhere in Ohio.]  His property was just north of his sister and brother-in-law's {1850, 1874, 10/15/1995}:



1 22 acres owned by William Haine (#34), with a grist mill at the western edge just south

   of Haine Creek, a store to the east of the mill, and two houses next to it.  The

   northeastern corner, containing a house on three acres, was owned by someone else.

2 25 acres owned by Will ("Willie") Hawkins, with a school at the southwestern corner.

   He was the son of #34's daughter, Mary Ann Hawkins and James Goddard Hawkins.

3 25 acres owned by William Haine (#34).

4 "W.B. Hawkins" might have been a misprint; perhaps it should have read W.D.


5 Home of Stephen and Mary (Haine) Symes.

Long afterward, his grandson, Pliny Haine Hawkins (#8) would describe the location: "Grandfather Haine's farm was on Clover Hill overlooking the Grand River Valley──with only the Creighton farm between his and Grandpa Hawkins [#32] farm."  The very slight rise on which the farm was located inspired the name of "Clover Hill" for his place.  Proctor Brook ran through it; it was renamed Haine Creek.  He began clearing land and building a log house set into the top of the bank of the creek, so that the side toward the creek had more stories than the side toward the road (later called Flagg East Road).  He planned to build a mill.  On August 1, 1836, he bought the property from Huntington and his wife, Bruca, for $2,475, witnessed by Ephraim Brown.  Although not stated in the deed, he seems to have made only a down payment.  It stated that the land contained "appurtenances" and included the "privilege" of "raising a dam" {8/1/1836, 1921, 6/28/1982}.

He returned to England within a year after beginning to develop "Clover Hill."  His first cousin, Mary Haine (#35), who was nine years younger than he, lived at Lovington, two miles south of Stone.  As soon as he got back, they married on April 11, 1836, at her parish church in Lovington, witnessed by her siblings, Joseph and Sarah Maby Haine.  He was a "bachelor"; she, a "spinster".  They left for "Clover Hill" a few weeks after the wedding, and were in New York City (where the ship had apparently docked) in time for their letter from there to arrive in England and be answered on July 29, 1836, and for their letter from Bloomfield to be answered in August.  While in New York, he deposited a large sum of money in a bank, possibly named Freeman and Hunt.  However, the bank would go bankrupt before he could withdraw the amount needed for the second payment on "Clover Hill;" he would waste $200 on trying to get back his deposit {4/11/1836, 9/8/1836, 8/30/1837, 12/13/1915}.

Even though married in the Church of England, in 1841 they joined the Methodist Episcopal Church in Bloomfield, and his family would be active in church affairs throughout his life.  As of the census of 1850, a Methodist minister lived near them.  Baptisms were held in their millpond.  At the common in the center of the town, two miles away, stood the church, the largest in Bloomfield.  In the early years, William led the choir.  His daughter, Emma Jane, played the organ.  Later, he became less active, due partly to deafness caused by a prior illness.  Mary (#35) was very devout, and about his failure to attend church wrote in her diary, "Pray that he may yet see his folly & repent" {1/1/1870, 1/1/1874, 9/14/1895, 5/4/1919, 5/11/1979, 9/6/1988}.

Throughout his life, he and his family very often visited his sister, Elizabeth (now Dunkerton), and her family, since their house was at the nearby common in Bloomfield Center.  Judging by entries in his wife's and daughter's diaries, he visited the Symes less often; they moved to Colebrook, eight miles northeast {1/1/1862, 1/1/1870, 1874, 1/1/1874, 1/1/1878}.

At 11:30 a.m., January 11, 1837, William and Mary's first child was born and named William Joseph ("Will").  At 6 p.m., September 8, 1838, Sarah Mary ("Sade", probably originally named Mary Sarah) arrived.  In the morning of February 28, 1840, George Edward saw the light of day.  6 a.m., January 29, 1842, Frances ("Frank", "Frankie") Harriet (#17) came along.  4 p.m., September 25, 1844, Charlotte ("Lottie") Elizabeth was born.  3 p.m., December 18, 1846, Mercy Jane showed up.  9:30 a.m., September 22, 1848, Ellen Sarah arrived.  On December 18 of that year, Mercy Jane drowned in the mill race {1809, 1836, 3/15/1979}.

In 1850, they had a new, much larger house built of lumber which he sawed.  It was above the bank of Haine Creek and about 100 feet west of the log house.  The old house was moved across the road to serve for storage.  That year, the U.S. Census enumerated each member of the family.  His occupation was "farmer".  His real estate was valued at $3,500, whereas that of three of his neighbors' were estimated at only $1,200 (William Dredge Hawkins, #32), $1,200, and $1,300 {1850, c. 1962, 6/28/1982}.

Childbearing continued:  In the afternoon of March 4, 1852, John Wesley Haine was born.  The morning of May 6, 1853, Emma Jane first saw the light.  May 28, 1855, Clara Alice showed up.  Finally, on May 9, 1858, Charles Robert arrived, ending their reproduction after 11 live births.  William was 52 and his wife was 42 {1809, 1836}.

By the house, he built a large earthen dam across Haine Creek, a mill wheel, and a lumber mill with a vertical whipsaw.  He sawed the lumber for their house.  In 1855, he hired men to build a grist (grain) mill.  The mill race, which carried water from the millpond to the mill wheel, was dug into the opposite bank.  The mill was about 200 feet west of the house.  The grain was ground between stones.  (Later "rolling mills" crushed grain between rollers.)  It had at least two sets of millstones.  The top ones were 10 inches thick; one of the bottom ones was three feet thick.  The mill was the largest in Trumbull County.  In 1856, he ground 2,301 bushels of wheat, 1,645 of corn, 428 of rye, 149 of buckwheat, and 105 of "feed".  Milling became the principal business of the family.  However, they butchered hogs, made maple syrup and sugar, produced honey, made elderberry wine, and canned many foods.  In winter, the millpond furnished ice for "Clover Hill" and surrounding farms and was a good place to skate {10/16/1856, 1/1/1865, 1/1/1870, 1/1/1874, 1/1/1878, c. 1962, 5/11/1979, 6/28/1982, 10/15/1995}.

Maintaining the adjacent public roads was his and his neighbors' responsibility {1/1/1878}.

Mary, if not himself, corresponded with his relatives in England, even sending them money.  About 1860, they and their youngest child, Charles Robert, returned to their ancestral homes in England.  During "much of their time" there, they stayed in "the large stone house ... close to the city of Gloucester" in which his Mary's brother, George Haine, and family lived {1/1/1874, 10/22/1923}.

He opposed slavery, opposed succession of the Confederate States, and voted Republican.  He took part in the "underground railway," i.e., helping slaves to escape from their owners; he had a hiding place for them near his millwheel {10/24/1978, 6/6/1977, 1882}.

Eventually, just to the east of "Clover Hill" and across the road was Clover Hill District School.  For more advanced schooling, some of his children went to Western Reserve Seminary in the community of West Farmington 20 miles to the southwest (described in #32's biography).  In January 1862, "Will" (age 25), Frances (age 19), and Charlotte (17), but none of the younger children were attending it.  Later, Emma went there.  His youngest child, Charles, went elsewhere──to a school in Austinburg, 20 miles north of "Clover Hill" {1/1/1862, 1/1/1878, 12/29/1901, 4/1981}.

Visiting dentists fixed their teeth, and traveling salesmen supplied many of their needs.  Visitors often stayed overnight.   Employees such as Fred Soffing were treated like one of the family {1/1/1870}.

On April 1, 1862, his son, "Will", left to go to New York; he returned about August 2.  On May 19, 1862, his daughter, Frances, finished her schooling and began teaching in a nearby, one-room grammar school, boarding with a family and returning home on weekends.  However, she stopped forever in August {1/1/1862}.

The Civil War steadily encroached upon his family's thoughts and activities.  "War sermons," with Federal propaganda, were given in his church.  Militaristic songs were sung and speeches given at Western Reserve Seminary.  Women's organizations sewed, prepared medical supplies, and gathered food for the Union army.  Newspapers reported battles.  Neighbors entered the war.  In August 1862, his sons, "Will" and George, suddenly enlisted for three years in the army, and were assigned to Company I, 105th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry Division.  Sixteen other "boys" from Bloomfield also joined, including William ("Willie") Creighton, who might have been his daughter, Sarah Mary's, sweetheart.  On August 11th, a crowd saw them off from the center of the community, giving them three cheers.  They rode buggies to the nearest city, Warren.  There "Will" married Sarah Goddard Hawkins, a surprise.  She was the daughter of the family's next door neighbors, but one, William Dredge Hawkins (#32) and Mary Ann Goddard (#33).  During the ceremony, a militaristic public rally was taking place outside, with cannons firing and drums beating.  The next day, the recruits and Sarah, "Will's" bride, rode the train to the metropolis, Cleveland.  At Camp Cleveland, they were issued uniforms but not weapons and began training.  However, training was cut short by the threat of conquest of Cincinnati (at the opposite end of the state) by Rebel troops.  Without receiving any leave to visit home, they were sent there by rail.  Then they crossed the Ohio River into Kentucky.  They were issued rifles, with which they had their pictures taken to send home.  George unwisely went swimming in the Ohio River, which probably was contaminated by the Cincinatti's sewage.  Their unit soon moved to Lexington to go into combat.  However, George became very ill, evidently with an intestinal infection from the Ohio River, and dropped out of the march.  He asked for help at a farmhouse and received good care.  Confederate troops conquered the area, and his host took him to surrender.  The authorities confiscated his rifle but did not take him prisoner.  Instead he was "paroled" and released upon his oath that he would not take part in the war again, on threat of execution should he be recaptured.  On November 2, 1862, he arrived back at his parents' home unexpectedly.  He remained there until about April 1863, and then returned to duty {1/1/1862, 8/2/1862, 8/7/1862, 5/11/1979}.

Leaving George and returning to "Will", when the brothers became separated, "Will" retreated with his unit and took part in the Battle of Perryville, Kentucky, on October 8, 1862, less than two months after leaving home.  He was slightly wounded; two other Bloomfield men were killed, including Sarah Mary's sweetheart (possibly "Willie" Creighton).  "Will" began his recuperation at houses and hospitals near the battlefield.  When partly healed, he was made hospital "Wardmaster."  Thus, he began his lifetime career──physician.  He was transferred to a hospital in Cincinnati, where he both convalesced and worked.  He had "dropsy" (abnormal accumulation of fluid).  Weakness of the heart and diarrhea persisted all of his life.  He studied two physician's textbooks which he owned.  He was promoted to First Lieutenant, possibly because of having received his M.D. degree.  His wife joined him for a time, and he got furloughs to visit his home.  They had their own room while he was in the army, either in his own or her parents' home.  On December 15, 1863, their daughter, Theodosia ("Dosia"), was born.  On July 24, 1865, after "Will's" discharge from the army, they returned to "Clover Hill."  Three weeks later, assisted by George, they set up housekeeping  30 miles away in Willoughby, presumably to practice medicine.  In 1867, they had a second child, Mary.  On August 6 of that year, "Will's" wife, Sarah, died of tuberculosis there.  "Will" and his two babies might then have moved back to "Clover Hill" to live under the care of his mother (#35) and sisters.  "Will" was often away.  On August 1, 1870, Theodosia was in school.  Later that month, "Will" borrowed $600 from his father (#34), bought a doctor's house in Mesopotamia in the next township, and set up practice.  On April 27, 1871, "Will's" two children probably left "Clover Hill" and went to live with their father.  On June 5, 1872, "Will" remarried:  His bride's name was Cornelia Wolcott.  She probably was from Farmington, since the wedding took place there.  "Will" and his family moved to the community of West Farmington, and he became successful there {1809, 1831, 1836, 8/7/1862, 1/1/1865, 1/1/1870, c. 1881, 1921, 12/17/1966, 10/27/1980, 5/11/1979}.

Returning to #34's son, George, in January 1864, he had gone back to duty in Cincinnati, where "Will" was stationed, and his wife, Mary [???], was visiting him.  He sent and received many letters from the family but none from his father.  George sent his father some of his pay to save.  George's duties were cooking.  He had to go through a court martial for desertion, because of the way that he had left his company in Kentucky (see above), but was acquitted.  Later he was transferred to Indianapolis and given clerical duties.  On June 30, 1865, he was discharged and arrived home at "Clover Hill" on July 10.  He promptly resumed farming for his father (#34) for wages and contracted "to work for [William] till next April for 1/3 of the proceeds of the Mill and 2/3 of what I can make by buying wheat and having it floured up in the Mill."  "Clover Hill" produced 173 bushels of husked corn that year.  On March 14, 1870, George married a local woman, Sarah Creed.  They set up housekeeping at "Clover Hill."  In 1882, they moved to Bloomfield community or "centre" {1836, 1/1/1865, 1/1/1870, 4/1981}.

William (#34') second oldest child, Sarah Mary, never left home.  After his wife (#35) died, she kept house for him.  She continued to live at "Clover Hill" until her death on January 11, 1910, at the age of 71 {1/11/1910}.

His family was close friends with their neighbors on the second farm to the south [East??], the Hawkins and their children.  Christmas day of 1862 was spent by all at Hawkins'; New Year's Day was spent by all at Haines'.  They also went to "sings" together.  William's son, "Will", married Hawkins' daughter (see above).  On January 20, 1863, his daughter, Frances Harriet (#17), wed their son, Thomas Goddard Hawkins (#16).  Frances and Thomas lived in Hawkins' home until 1870 and bore William three grandchildren──Emma Luella, George William, and Pliny Haine (#8).  Then they moved 12 miles away to Farmington Township but often returned "Clover Hill" to visit {1/1/1862, 1/20/1863, 1921}.

William's birthplace had specialized in dairy products.  In America, he often loaned money to young men there to emigrate and to work at "Clover Hill" to repay his loans.  He also helped them to build houses for themselves on land that he had cleared for logs for his mill.  "Clover Hill" began making cheese commercially.  His son, George, sent a cheese to the Kentucky farmer who had nursed him during the War (see above).  A second house was built at "Clover Hill" for whoever was the current cheese maker.  George Haine and his wife lived in for a time.  A man from a cheese-making family of Devon, England, Phillip John Cox, came to Bloomfield.  At first Cox had various jobs nearby; then he began making cheese at in a building attached at the back of the main house.  Later, Cox designed a large cheese factory which was built in the 1870s near the grist mill.  George Haine went to Cleveland to buy a boiler for it.  Milk arrived twice a day from local dairies.  Cheese and butter were shipped to Pittsburgh.  An ice house was built near the cheese maker's house.  On July 12, 1883, Cox married William's daughter, Clara Alice.  They continued to live at "Clover Hill" {1836, 8/2/1862, 1/1/1874, 12/17/1966, 11/9/1979, c. 9/1981, 9/6/1988}.

On March 25, 1866, his daughter, Ellen Sarah, died of "'inflammation of the lungs'" {12/17/1966}.

His son, John Wesley, was at first the proprietor of the grocery store at Bloomfield Center.  Then he moved to the nearby town of Mesopotamia to open his own store on December 14, 1874.  He wed Hattie Burt, a "New Englander," there on January 7, 1877.  However, as of July 1879, they living back in North Bloomfield {1836, 1/1/1874, 1/1/1878, 12/17/1966}.

In May 1874, his (#34's) daughter, Emma Jane, began teaching school.  August 1, 1876, she married Dr. (or "Professor") B. Frank Beatty,  a minister and neighbor who had often visited "Clover Hill."  The couple moved to California.  In March 1878, William sent Emma $500 {1/1/1874, 1/1/1875, 1/1/1878, 12/29/1901}.

His (#34's) daughter, Charlotte Elizabeth, although still at home, often worked for his son, John, in John's store.  In 1878, his daughter, Emma, living in California, became very ill, so Charlotte went to visit her.  William gave her $165 for expenses.  The train trip took almost two weeks.  She stayed on for more than a year after Emma recovered.  On June 9, 1880, Charlotte married Zwinglius Paley Lyman, a salesman in Des Moines, Iowa, where they settled {1/1/1878, 12/17/1966}.

William's son, Charles Robert, took over operation of the flour mill.  On May 13, 1885, he married Beccie Milliken {1836, c. 9/1981}.

On December 27, 1865, William evidently was in the fraternal order of Masons, because his son, George, wrote, "Father has been to town all day.  The Masons had a big meeting there" {1/1/1865}.

On June 16, 1874, a new horse barn was raised east of the main house, using lumber that they had sawed in his own mill from logs that they cut.  They left standing the prior horse barn.  Two more houses were built at "Clover Hill:"  Between the main house and the grist mill was added a store with living quarters on the second story.  Beyond the grist mill was another house.  In 1874, his property comprised 150 contiguous acres: the  original site of "Clover Hill" consisting of 25 acres straddling Haine Creek in the southeastern corner of section 37 and containing all of the buildings; a 25-acre field to the south, across the road, in the northeastern corner of section 38; and all of the 100-acre field in section 55 across the road and to the east of section 38.  The [Clover Hill District] school was at the junction of the two roads on which his farm lay {1874, 1/1/1874, 1/1/1878}.

In 1878, at the age of 76, one day he was taken to the doctor; another day he fainted {9/14/1895, 6/4/1911}.

As of the census of 1880, probably living in the main house were himself, "farmer"; his wife, "housekeeping"; Sarah Mary, aged 40, "housekeeping"; Charlotte Elizabeth, 34, "teaching"; Clara, 25, "at home;" Charles, 21, "miller" (running the grist mill); and Scott Winfield, from Ohio, 28, "boarder" (hired hand).  Living elsewhere at Clover Hill" were George, 40, "cheese manufacturer;" Sarah, 38, George's wife; Fredric Soffing, from Michigan, 27, cheesemaking; Phillip Cox, from England, "cheesemaker"; and Daniel Carter, from Michigan, 17, cheesemaking hired hand.  At some time, Soffing lived in the third house.  The Cox family lived above the store, and Clara ran it {1880, 4/1981, c. 9/1981}.

In England, William's brother, John, had married Bessie Gough, who was from Westbury-on-Severn, Gloucestershire, and they had had five children.  In July 1880, all immigrated to Orwell, near Bloomfield {1/26/1897}.

He loaned $2,000 to a friend named Wolcott, possibly his son, "Will's", father-in-law.  He also loaned and gave money to "Will", who in 1878 was trying unsuccessfully to establish a sanitarium in Saratoga, N.Y.; to his son, John; and to his son-in-law, Thomas Hawkins {1/1/1878}.  

Mary (#35) referred to him as "William" or "Father" {ibid.}.  On April 12, 1886, they celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary at "Clover Hill."  Attending were all of his children but Charlotte Elizabeth Lyman.  Each of the childrens' spouses except Lyman and Beatty were there.  Also, many grandchildren: John Wesley's sons, Harry and Eugene; Clara Alice's son, Elmer Haine Cox;  Frances Harriet's (#17's) daughter, Mary Alberta ("Berta" or "Birdie") Hawkins.  The main event was a re-enactment of William and Mary's wedding.  The roles of "groomsman" and bridesmaid were played by William Dredge (#32) and Mary Ann Goddard Hawkins (#33), their close friends and long-term neighbors who had been married for 53 years.  William and Mary's children presented them with a written testimonial, a gold-headed cane, and gold-rimmed spectacles {c. 4/12/1886}.

On July 31, 1890, his wife, Mary, died.  He was 84.  His terminal illness in 1895 lasted at least three weeks, during which he was cared for by his son, Charles Robert, who took off time from work.  On September 14, he died at at Bloomfield, age 89.  He was buried in Brownwood Cemetery, North Bloomfield {1836, 1869, 9/14/1895, 6/4/1911}.